What you should know about Menopause

Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months. The average age for menopause is 48-51 years, but it might vary from early 30s to late 60s. The stages before and after menopause are defined as Perimenopause and Postmenopause respectively.


Perimenopause also known as menopausal transition, is the time around which a woman’s body makes the natural transition to menopause. Women may notice signs of progression toward menopause, such as heavy periods and menstrual irregularity in their 40s or as early as mid-30s.


This is the stage after menopause. The menopausal symptoms ease out at this stage.

Symptoms of menopause:

● Irregular periods

● Vaginal dryness

● Hot flashes

● Chills

● Night sweats

● Sleep problems

● Mood changes

● Weight gain and slowed metabolism

● Thinning hair and dry skin

● Loss of breast fullness

Menopause also increases the risk of certain medical diseases, such as:

Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease. The decline in the estrogen level of women increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise and maintaining normal weight is advisable.

Women should seek a doctor’s advice for managing blood pressure or cholesterol problems.

Osteoporosis. Women might lose bone density at a rapid rate during the first few years of menopause. For women in the postmenopause stage, osteoporosis increases the susceptibility to fractures of wrists, spine and hips.

● Urinary incontinence. It is the involuntary loss of urine. The deterioration of vaginal and urethral tissues during menopause can cause urinary incontinence.

● Sexual function. Women experience slight bleeding during sexual intercourse and discomfort which could result from vaginal dryness and loss of elasticity.

For further assistance request an appointment with our gynaecologists.

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