Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. It is caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases or particulate matter from pollution such as cigarette smoke. In India, besides cigarette smoke, air pollution and other environmental risk factors are also a leading cause of COPD. People with COPD are at increased risk of developing heart disease, lung cancer and a variety of other conditions.
Signs and symptoms of COPD may include:
• Shortness of breath, especially during physical activities
• Chest tightness
• Having to clear your throat first thing in the morning, due to excess mucus in your lungs
• A chronic cough that may produce mucus (sputum) that may be clear, white, yellow or greenish
• Blueness of the lips or fingernail beds
• Frequent respiratory infections
• Lack of energy
• Unintended weight loss (in later stages)
• Swelling in ankles, feet or legs
With proper management, most people with COPD can achieve good symptom control and quality of life, as well as reduced risk of other associated conditions.
Request an appointment with our Respiratory Disease experts to understand the treatment and management of COPD disorders