Resting heart rate : (RHR) — the number of heartbeats per minute while you're at rest — indicates how your heart muscle is functioning - in real-time.
Whether you are laughing at a comedy act on TV or giggling at a newspaper cartoon, laughing does you good. When you start to laugh, it stimulates physical changes in your body. • Laughter enhances your intake of oxygen-rich air, stimulates your heart, lungs and muscles, and increases the endorphins that are released by your... Continue Reading →
For people with Type 2 diabetes, managing the diet can go a long way in regulating blood sugar and make you feel full longer. Carbohydrate foods like bread, cereals, rice, desserts, etc., can cause an increase in blood sugar levels.
The Standard Chartered Marathon has become an annual pilgrimage for me. As for thousands of runners across the city; some just challenging themselves to finish the course of the marathon; some challenging themselves to do it in better timing and achieve their personal best. Into my fifth half marathon effort, I just asked myself can... Continue Reading →
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. It is caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases or particulate matter from pollution such as cigarette smoke. In India, besides cigarette smoke, air pollution and other environmental risk factors are also a leading cause of COPD. People with COPD are at increased risk of developing heart disease, lung cancer and a variety of other conditions.
A type of stroke termed silent stroke is harder to spot; creates areas of damage in the brain where the area of dead brain cells are smaller than with a traditional stroke, but they can still have a significant and lasting impact on memory. During a silent stroke, the interruption of blood flow is to a small part of the brain that does not control any key function; so at times, the person may not know they have had a stroke.
Different areas of the brain are responsible for different functions. The symptoms of stroke depend on the area affected. Symptoms can be changes in sensation, movement, sight, speech, balance, and coordination.
A sudden cardiac arrest is the result of defective electrical activity of the heart. Patients may have little or no warning, and the disorder usually causes instantaneous death. A heart attack -- myocardial infarction -- typically is caused by clogged coronary arteries that reduce blood flow to the heart muscle.
Dr Sadanand Shetty, Consultant Cardiologist, K J Somaiya Hospital, Super Specialty Centre, shares his insights.- Seeing the severity of the blockage, an Angioplasty procedure with Drug-eluting Stent 3rd Generation was done using Radial Artery Approach (Right hand). The patient responded well to the procedure and was discharged the next day.
And that, the little girl’s father, is what makes K J Somaiya Hospital, Super Speciality Centre so special "They lived up to the values they uphold and kept the welfare of the girl at every point of the treatment. They always tried to find solutions that would make the child suffer less. We now know that hospitals can truly be technically super and also empathetic.”
Occasionally, a combination of medications being taken together, react with each other are absorbed into the body differently and that can cause imbalance.
If Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is left untreated, patients may experience vocal cord lesions like polyps or granulomas, chronic laryngitis, or asthma.
Angioplasty gets the blood flowing back to the heart. It opens a coronary artery that is narrowed or blocked during a heart attack by a blood clot, or fat and calcium from a ruptured plaque.
Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke has immediate adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and can cause coronary heart disease and stroke. Further, the smoke interferes with the normal functioning of the heart, blood, and vascular systems, increasing the risk of having a heart attack.
High blood pressure is often called the “silent killer” because a person with High BP, may not experience any symptoms. It could take years or even decades for the condition to reach levels that are severe enough for the symptoms to become obvious.
Asthma Emergency A severe asthma attack could be life-threatening. In case of an asthma flare-up, the symptoms worsen, demanding an immediate medical attention. Recognise the signs of an asthma attack.
Maintaining the correct posture is very important for a healthy back. A chair with good lumbar support and a firm seat should be chosen. A small pillow between the lower back and the chair can help in avoiding back pain. The workspace should be arranged smartly, to avoid a lot of twisting while reaching out for frequently used items.
The risk of heart diseases is increasing gradually. Sedentary lifestyle, poor eating habits, and physical inactivity are major contributors to the increased risk of heart diseases. To reduce risk, there is a need to keep the heart fit and healthy.
Your visit with a specialist doctor is important. It can be most useful if you plan. The following checklist will help you get the most out of each visit.
Menopause is defined as the absence of menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months. The average age for menopause is 48-51 years, but it might vary from early 30s to late 60s. The stages before and after menopause are defined as Perimenopause and Postmenopause respectively.
A guide to help you detect health problems early when they are most treatable. Your doctor can modify or add to these recommendations based on your medical history and personal risk factors.
People with severe joint pain, limitation in movements, stiffness, weakness of muscle, limp, or a swelling are considered for joint replacement surgery . In advanced stages, patients may have trouble with regular activities such as walking, climbing stairs, putting on shoes, and getting into and out of cars.
The goal of stroke rehabilitation is to help patients to re learn skills which are lost and to help them to regain independence and improve quality of life. Rehabilitation depends on the severity of stroke. Rehabilitation starts in hospital as soon as possible following a stroke and is continued on a long term basis. Rehabilitation doesn't reverse the effects of stroke but helps build capacity and confidence so that the patient can continue with activities of daily living with no or minimal help and thus improve the quality of life.
Physiotherapist follow the Principe of "use it or loose it". Early diagnosis and effective treatment of injuries, complete rehabilitation should decrease the risk of osteoarthritis. Thus holistic approach of physical therapy can be summed up in one word Oath(Oa- osteoarthritis and Th- treatment in harmony)
Prevention / Delaying progression of Osteoarthritis Weight checks Within BMI limits of 18.5 - 25. Exercise Regular exercise maintains a good joint range and mobility; especially non-contact sports like swimming / cycling. Elderly should avoid squatting and sitting crossed legged Avoid injuries If present, get them treated at the earliest. Adequate rest after strenuous workouts... Continue Reading →
The international accepted door to balloon time (time at which the patient reaches the hospital with on-going heart attack to the time actually the balloon opens the block and restores the blood flow to the muscles of the heart) intervention is within 90 minutes and 3 to 6 hours from the onset of heart attack for blockages need to be removed. It all begins of course with the involvement of the community, from the family physician to the ambulance services, nursing homes to create awareness and help the patient reach the Emergency Centre of Super Specialty hospitals like K J Somaiya Hospital, where this level of care is made possible.
Alzheimer's is a neurodegenerative dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behaviour. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks.
The thoracic spine joins the cervical spine and extends down past the bottom of the shoulder blades, where it connects with the lumbar spine. The thoracic spine made up of twelve vertebrae is built for stability, holding the body upright and protecting the vital organs in the chest. The most common cause of thoracic back pain is due to muscular irritation or other soft tissue problems, caused by poor posture, overuse injuries such as repetitive motion, or trauma.
Upper back pain is caused by many reasons most common being muscle strain or ligament sprain in the neck or middle back regions of the spine, usually the result of repetitive movements or poor posture.